Chinese culture. Settled in Southeast Asia on the shores of the Pacific Ocean. Singular, mysterious and with monuments that represent its millenary past. Chinese culture has transcended to this day.
The Asian giant is the third country with the largest territorial extension in the world. And with a vast ancestral culture.
Being the most populous nation on Earth. 46% of Chinese settle in rural areas. Giving life to the agricultural legacy. In contrast, the rest lives in urban areas. Symbolizing vanguard economic and business growth.
Among the main cities of the People’s Republic of China are Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, and Xiamen.
One of the recurrent characteristics of Chinese culture has been its isolation from the world. Philosophy that has changed lately.
In spite of that. The Chinese have been characterized because their inventions have been of great use to humanity.
Today the Asian giant is the second largest economic power in the world. Position previously held by Japan.
History of Chinese culture.
The first civilizations of Chinese culture inhabited the regions near the rivers Hoang Ho and Yangtze.
Which favored the development of agriculture. which has remained as one of the pillars of this country.
At first. China was a set of small reigns facing each other. That were ruled by three dynasties.
The Shang dynasty. between 1,766 and 1,027 BC
The Zhou dynasty. From 1,026 to 256 BC. And the Qin dynasty, from 255 to 206 BC
Qin Shi Huang. He was the founder of the Qin dynasty, called the first emperor to unify China in a state.
During the Qin government the first part of the Great Wall was carried out, to prevent the invasion of the Xiongnu.
The first emperor believed in eternal life. So when he died in 210 B.C., his death was not revealed. Until the dynasty was overthrown by Lui Bang who established the Han period from 206 BC to 9 A.D.
Subsequently. Between separating and unification in the history of Chinese culture. They succeeded the dynasties Jin, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and finally Qing.
With the fall of the Emperor Qing. China becomes a republic. But with an ideological divide between nationalists and communists.
The power was taken by the nationalist.
Since the year 1911. The power is taken by the Nationalists. Facing existing internal conflicts and a Japanese invasion.
The nationalists to have supported the invasion. They were expelled from the territory. Refuge in Taiwan. Where they are currently government.
For this fact. The people supported the Communist Party, thus on October 1, 1949, the leader of the Communist Party Mao Tze Tung was proclaimed president.
Social and political organization of Chinese culture.
In the past, the social classes of Chinese culture were structured in this way.
Aristocracy. Composed of emperors and their families who dominated political and religious functions.
Bureaucracy. Composed of state officials.
People. Constituted by artisans and peasants.
Politically it was a monarchical and feudalist state. With a spiritual elevation that was watching over social welfare.
Currently the Chinese culture possesses a territorial division of 22 provinces. 4 Municipalities 5 autonomous regions including Tibet and Mongolia. and 2 special administration regions such as Hong Kong and Macao.
The power structure comprises three key areas. The party, the army and the state. Charges that are occupied by the President of the People’s Republic of China.
Under the authority of the President is the Council of State and a national Popular assembly considered as the supreme and constitutional body of the power of the state that belongs in its entirety to the people.
As for the social organization of the current Chinese culture, it is articulated in the following way.
A political society. Integrated by the entire state apparatus or major government officials.
An economic society. Made up of entrepreneurs or business leaders.
and civil society. Formed by citizens of non-governmental and non-business civil organizations.
Economy of Chinese culture.
At the beginning. Chinese culture based its economy on rice, wheat, sugar cane and tea agriculture.
The main advantage offered by the territory that led to the development of tillage was the variety of river networks.
The Chinese mainly specialized in rice cultivation. They made wooden dikes. In order for the sowings to receive the right water. Techniques that are still used today.
Rice is in Chinese culture, a central theme that symbolizes life itself and is even celebrated.
When China was a rural country with poor industrial development. Rice was the basic dish of the majority.
In ancient times the Chinese carried out mining work. Fabrics in silk and porcelain, marketing them on the Silk Road.
From the decade of the 80. The Government set itself the goal of transforming the economy in order to produce sustainable growth.
First, agriculture was decollectivized. An openness to foreign investment and to the entrepreneurship of new companies began.
A price system was then implemented subject to the free supply and demand, allowing the growth of the private sector.
However, the State continued to retain control of many companies considered strategic. Telecommunications and banking.
China is a communist country. That has used its openness to capitalism in order to maintain its political model.
In recent years the Asian giant has had a dizzying economic growth that oscillates by 10% interannual.