AYMARA culture. Focused on the adoration of the Pachamama and with a strong concept of reciprocity. The Aymara culture was transformed into the socioeconomic support of the Inca Empire. Indeed, they practiced the Ayni system. A form of mutual aid among the Aymara seigniories. That were formed by extended families. In which the merit consisted in giving and not accumulating. Which naturally generated prestige within society.
An ethnic group that conserves its values and traditions
Focused on the adoration of the Pachamama and with a strong concept of reciprocity. The Aymara culture was transformed into the socioeconomic support of the Inca Empire. Indeed, they practiced the Ayni system. A form of mutual aid among the Aymara seigniories. That were formed by extended families. In which the merit consisted in giving and not accumulating. Which naturally generated prestige within society.
The Aymara culture was developed from the pre-Columbian era in the territories of Bolivia, Peru and Chile. Occupying the surrounding area of Lake Titicaca scattered to the Pampa del Tamarugal and part of the coast.
The economy was characterized as a people dedicated to grazing, weaving, and agriculture. With which they developed the technique of chuño or dehydrated potato. A food that can be preserved for more than 15 years. Even more, he managed to survive until our time. Thanks to the persistence of his Aymara language.
Historical overview of the Aymara culture
The Aymara seigniories arose from the decadence of the Tiahuanac culture. Between 1000 and 1100 A.D. These peoples extended their radius of influence throughout the mountain range of walk. Lacking centralized political power.
Thus, among the Aymara seigniories were the Chanchis. Canas, Collas, Lupacas, Pacajes, Corangas. Soras, ponds, Quillacas, face-faces, Chuis, Chichas.
During this stage, the culture Aymara obtained its biggest climax. since the Incas allowed them certain autonomy grade. As a result, its influence propagated up to the north of Ecuador and the central part of Chile.
The social organization Aymara has a big gear assembly between the nature and the man. They differ so much linguistically as socially, but in a generalized way the social model is determined by the marka, that is to say. the territory where every ethnic group is unrolled.
The social organization of the Aymaras divides of the concept of the jaqi. which every man or woman constitutes, that by means of the marriage or jaqichasiña they form an initial nucleus. of which a series of responsibilities is generated with the community. implying in this sense, an interrelation balanced with the nature. the gods and the family.
Nevertheless, to come to it, both the man and the woman. they must happen for a period of preparation and learning that begins in the hearths from the infancy. This way, in the beginning observing its parents. small animals learn to take care. During the adolescence. the male begins a training in agricultural and textile activities. while the female learns to spin the distaff. weave, cook and to the pasture.
The political organization of the Aymaras was departing from the function of three states: Collas, lupacas and pacajes. They were controlling these to other smaller kingdoms. although between them a geopolitical unit never existed. due to the eternal rivalry.
Historically this culture has been characterized by the numerous changes exercised by other domineering groups. in this sense, before happening to be part of the Inca Empire. the political organization of the Aymaras. it was divided in several independent states concentrated on its majority on the Peruvian and Bolivian plateaus.
The beliefs of the culture Aymara
For the most part the population of the culture Aymara at present is catholic. But there exists a syncretism of its ancient indigenous beliefs with the practices that establishes the Christianity. Which are expressed in the different religious celebrations like the Holy Week or the day of the dead persons.
In the world view of the culture Aymara. the essential target is to achieve a balance between the human beings and the nature. Dividing of the concept that the nature is a sacred way and complements itself with the reciprocity of the man. The same way, for the Aymaras everything is dual. or a male – female, day – night or it arrives below. These opposite poles do not fight between themselves, but they complement each other one with other. to form everything. In turn, they form the existence of three spiritual spaces.
Declarations of the culture Aymara
A series of traditions of the culture Aymara has been supported until our days, between that they stand out:
Representing a sacred sheet, apart from being chewed, it is used in the medicines preparation and as important part of the religious rituals.
Year new Aymara
In accordance with the calendar of the culture Aymara is celebrated every June 21. formerly it was celebrated by the holiday Inti Raymi.
As on eve of every June 21, they receive the dawn with typical dances.